Why Hire Federal Criminal Lawyer John L. Calcagni to Defend Your Case
When you need the assistance of a Federal Attorney, it is highly advisable that you:
Hire someone who has extensive experience within the federal system
This fact would be important no matter what kind of lawyer you needed to hire. However, there are certain areas of the practice of law that require more experience and exposure than others, and Federal Criminal Defense is one of them.
As a former prosecutor with the US Army JAG Corps and the US Attorney’s Office, Federal Criminal Lawyer John L. Calcagni, III is well versed in the prosecution and defense of all types of federal criminal cases. This experience is invaluable in his ability to defend accused individuals on trial for federal crimes.
A Brief Explanation of Federal Criminal Case
If you’ve been charged with a federal crime, it’s important to keep in mind the vast amount of resources that the federal criminal system has in comparison to the state’s criminal system. In a federal criminal case, the United States Attorney’s Office typically has lawyers with extensive academic credentials and the decision-making power to pinpoint which cases they want to prosecute.
If you are under federal investigation or have been charged with a federal offense and would like to speak with an experienced Federal Attorney call John L. Calcagni, III today at (401) 351-5100 for a free consultation.
Common Federal Offenses
An example of a common federal charge may include:
- Federal Drug Charges – Drug Trafficking – Possessing, selling, manufacturing, importing, and trafficking large quantities of drugs may be charged as a federal crime.
- Child Pornography Charges – If suspected of possessing, sending, receiving, or creating obscene materials depicting children in a sexual manner, you can be prosecuted in a federal court.
- Organized Crime – Organized crime activities involving violence or threats, robbery, money laundering, fraud, and any other illegal activities can be prosecuted in a federal court.
- White Collar Crimes – Federal tax crimes, failure to pay taxes, forging checks, fraudulently applying for state benefits, faking disability, wire fraud, bank fraud, aggravated identity theft, are just a few common examples.
- Federal Firearms Charges
- Motor Vehicles
Except for those crimes that occur on federal land, a crime that is under the exclusive jurisdiction of federal prosecutors is generally an interstate crime. These crimes are more complex both factually and legally, and therefore, more difficult to design a criminal defense for. This is why the cost associated with a Federal Criminal Defense case can be higher than those on the state level, and this is also why indigent defendants are referred to the Federal Defender’s office.
The Federal Court Process
For our free guide and flow chart describing the federal court process, please click here.
Federal Defense Case Results
Federal Narcotics and Firearms Investigation: Closed Without Criminal Prosecution
Federal law enforcement officers operating in an undercover capacity performed a limited amount of surveillance on an individual they suspected of trafficking in both drugs and firearms. Believing the suspected trafficker just received a resupply of fentanyl, agents swarmed and raided his apartment without a warrant. Inside they discovered various quantities of heroin, cocaine and fentanyl, multiple firearms and a large amount of U.S. Currency. Agents seized and inventoried their findings. They also arrested and charged the man for the evidence discovered inside his home. The man quickly retained Federal Criminal Defense Lawyer, John L. Calcagni III, to defend him in this matter. Attorney Calcagni quickly pounced on the warrantless search of the man’s home. Police did not even attempt to secure the premises while they sought a search warrant. Because of their hasty actions, Attorney Calcagni targeted this case for a motion to suppress the physical items discovered and seized from inside the man’s apartment. To avoid this major oversight from becoming part of the public record, Attorney Calcagni successfully persuaded the government to dismiss this matter in its entirety and close the case without further prosecution. Based on this once-in-a-lifetime disposition, the man avoided prosecution in United States District Court, but was required to forfeit the large amount of money taken from his apartment.
More Federal Case Results
Click on the links below to view details of more of our successful federal case results:
- Testimonial from Client in Federal Drug Investigation
- Testimonial from Client in Federal Human Trafficking Case
- Testimonial in Federal Marijuana and Butane Honey Oil Case
- Federal Cocaine Trafficking Client
- Federal Criminal Defense Client
Federal Case Timeline
For a complete overview and glossary of terms for federal crimes see Federal Crimes Timeline
Frequently Asked Questions Regarding Federal Defense
Facing a federal charge can be an unsettling and complicated experience due to the seriousness of the possible penalties, sentencing guidelines, and the need for a powerful criminal defense strategy. The more you learn about your federal charge, the easier it can be to digest the federal criminal system. Here are some frequently asked questions about the federal criminal system and how a criminal defense lawyer can assist you.
- Why are you facing federal not state charges?
- What Should You Do If You are Contacted by a Federal Agent?
- What Could Happen If You Don’t Have a Federal Defense Attorney?
- What your Federal Lawyer Should Know?
What makes a crime a federal offense?
In the most simplistic terms, a federal offense is a criminal act that is deemed illegal by the United State’s Federal Law. While most crimes committed in the United States are handled at the state level by a local prosecutor, a crime that is considered a federal offense follows prosecution procedures that are set by the United States Attorney’s Office. It is important to note that a crime committed at the federal level can also be considered a crime at the state level, which means you may face a state and federal charge for the same crime. To learn more about what classifies as a federal offense, contact criminal defense attorney John L. Calcagni for more information.
What does the federal court process and timeline look like?
A federal case always begins with a criminal complaint and then generally moves through the following steps listed below. If you’d like more information on the federal criminal system timeline and procedures, click here for a visual aid and glossary of terms. In the meantime, here’s a brief overview of what happens in a federal criminal case or the federal court process:
Initial Appearance: This is the defendant’s first court appearance where they will learn more about their charges and possible penalties and choose a private or public counsel. This court appearance is when the terms of bail are also decided.
Arraignment: The arraignment is similar to the initial court appearance, where charges are again discussed, but this involves a plea entry. It is always advised to plead not guilty at your arraignment hearing.
Discovery: The prosecutor will provide the defense lawyer with the existing evidence. The criminal defense lawyer will conduct their own investigation into the federal case.
Pre-trial Motions: These may include motions that can lead to dismissing charges or suppressing evidence. When working with a skilled federal criminal defense lawyer, a pretrial motion can possibly result in a dismissal of charges or your entire federal case may be dropped.
Plea Agreement: This may include an offer to the defendant to avoid trial by choosing a lesser sentence.
Trial: Evidence will be presented to a jury of twelve or a sole judge with no jury. Closing arguments are presented and a decision on guilt is made.
Sentencing: This occurs if the defendant is convicted.
Appeal: An appeal must be filed within 10 days to challenge the conviction or sentence provided by the federal court.
The above is just a concise explanation of the federal court procedures. To get a more comprehensive understanding of the federal court system and how it applies to your federal case, contact criminal defense lawyer John L. Calcagni today.
What are examples of federal crimes?
As mentioned above an example of a federal crime includes drug trafficking, child pornography, organized crime, and white-collar crimes. In addition, examples of a federal crime also include, but are not limited to:
- Mail fraud
- Bank Robbery
- Federal Brivery Charges
- Computer Crimes
- Federal Hate crimes
- Federal Drug Conspiracy
- Identity Theft
- Illegal Wiretapping
- Electoral Fraud
Again, many crimes can be charged at both the state and federal levels. It’s important to work closely with a federal criminal defense attorney that has experience on the federal level if you’re charged with a crime that classifies as both a federal and state crime. To schedule a free consultation to discuss your federal case, contact our law firm today.
What should you do if you’re contacted by a Federal Agent?
A federal criminal defense lawyer will always recommend that you first learn the reason why a Federal Agent is contacting you. It may be due to an investigation where you might be considered a witness or a suspect. Either way, it’s highly advised that you call a federal criminal lawyer as soon as possible after being contacted by a Federal Agent.
How does the federal justice system differ from the state justice system?
The federal justice system differs from the state justice system in terms of the way the laws are established. Federal courts hear cases involving violations against the Constitution, where states hear cases involving violations against state laws. As mentioned above, one key difference between federal and state criminal cases is that the federal justice system has many more resources than on the state level. This means that if you’re facing a federal charge, you may be a suspect in an investigation that’s run by the FBI, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives, the DEA, the US Immigration Customs Enforcement, or the IRS. This means you need to take your federal criminal case very seriously and work with a federal defense lawyer that has substantial experience in federal law. Call us today to speak with a seasoned criminal defense attorney about your case.
What is the difference between being charged and being indicted?
Understanding the difference between a defendant being charged with a crime or indicted for a crime involves looking at who permits the arrest. If you’re arrested at the state level, the local prosecutor can bring a criminal charge against you. However, when it comes to a federal crime, a prosecutor will need to appear before a grand jury to establish probable cause to indict someone for a crime.
What happens if I’m summoned to appear before a Grand Jury?
If you are summoned to appear before the Grand Jury, you will need to discover the same information involved in being contacted by a federal agent. Knowing whether you are being considered as a witness or as a suspect is paramount to determining what information you will need to provide. In each instance, it is highly advisable that you have a federal attorney present and advising you every step of the way.
A federal defense lawyer can help you determine when to speak, and when it will be necessary to plead to the “5th Amendment” against incriminating yourself. Your criminal defense attorney, in some cases, will also be able to open a dialogue with the US prosecutors regarding plea agreements or a deal for immunity in return for your cooperation in their investigation.
For more about representation at a Grand Jury Subpoena click here.
A federal defense attorney will not be cheap, and should not be someone who handles an occasional case on this level. You need to make sure that you get what you are paying for, and hire an attorney who is proficient at the federal level of criminal defense.
Do I need to hire a federal defense attorney?
Yes. Hiring a federal defense attorney is your best chance at a positive outcome. Federal charges should not be taken lightly. Penalties for federal crimes can completely change the course of your life and your federal defense lawyer will be the one person that has your best interest in mind. Most of all, you want your criminal defense attorney to be well-versed in the federal court system, applicable Supreme Court Hearings, and federal sentencing procedures.
John L. Calcagni III has represented numerous clients in both state and federal courts and has a proven, winning track record. He understands the intricacies and differences between the state and federal judicial systems and how to represent you with your best interests and the best possible outcome in mind.
As discussed above, the federal criminal justice system is very different from the state criminal justice system. Federal courts have limited power and authority when it comes to criminal cases, but in those areas where federal crimes apply, the laws are extremely powerful and often call for mandatory minimum jail sentences for convicted offenders. Federal criminal procedure and practice are also more demanding than what practitioners typically encounter in state court. For these reasons, it is vital that if charged with a federal crime in federal court that you obtain representation from a lawyer who has handled federal cases before and seen them through to favorable outcomes. By choosing a lawyer inexperienced in federal court or with federal criminal defense cases, you are rolling the dice on the outcome, and gambling with both your freedom and future.
Call Now for a Free Consultation with a Federal Defense Lawyer
Federal criminal attorney John L. Calcagni III is a former federal prosecutor experienced with the federal criminal law. As a criminal defense lawyer, he offers his clients the many years of experience he has from handling cases in federal court both for the government and many defendants. If you have been charged with a federal criminal charge or is under federal investigation call John L. Calcagni, III today at (401) 351-5100 for a free consultation.